By Marc Kleijwegt
This quantity is anxious with studying the histories of freed slaves in quite a few slave societies within the old and smooth international, starting from historical Rome to the southern States of the united states, the Caribbean, and Brazil to Africa within the aftermath of emancipation within the 20th century. the purpose of this paintings is to give a comparative discussion board for the examine of freedpeople. via deciding upon what's separate and what's common approximately freedpeople it hopes so as to add to a greater realizing of the position and influence of manumission and emancipation in numerous slave societies.
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This quantity is anxious with reading the histories of freed slaves in quite a few slave societies within the historical and glossy global, starting from old Rome to the southern States of the united states, the Caribbean, and Brazil to Africa within the aftermath of emancipation within the 20th century. the purpose of this paintings is to provide a comparative discussion board for the learn of freedpeople.
Extra resources for The Faces of Freedom: The Manumission and Emancipation of Slaves in Old World and New World Slavery
He would prefer to see an approach that looks at the broader context of opportunity and incentive for manumission present in the diﬀerent economies of Brazil. 64 Bergad et al. 1995, 124. 65 For colonial New Orleans, cf. Hanger 1997, 28–9; for Baltimore, cf. Phillips 1997, 54. 67 Unfortunately, the evidence does not allow us to discern what may have caused the diﬀerence between the US and other slave societies, nor is there enough research done to establish whether the discrepancy is only apparent or real.
Through manumission former slaves could choose to identify in a variety of ways, as non-slaves, as, technically, free citizens, and as freed slaves. The en masse emancipation of all remaining slaves automatically pulled down all of them to the level of second-rate citizens. Ironically enough, emancipation in the way it was processed in many slave societies put slaves in a less favourable position than manumission. The historiography of emancipation and post-emancipation societies has not generated heated controversies.
Above all, however, it should be kept in mind that both Tannenbaum and Carcopino were writing at a time when the study of slave societies had not yet reached the level of sensitivity to the systematic brutalities perpetrated in the name of slavery that informs modern slavery studies. I believe there is suﬃcient reason to regard the assumption that Brazil and Rome had a high rate of manumission as too optimistic. For Rome, there is no statistical information and any guess is bound to be inaccurate, but the task of computing manumission in Brazil has already led scholars to question the textbook account of their country as one with an overall high rate of manumission.