By Timothy A. Kohler, George G. Gumerman
As a part of the SFI sequence, this booklet offers the main updated learn within the examine of human and primate societies, together with fresh advances in software program and algorithms for modeling societies, and it's excellent for execs in archaeology, cultural anthropology, primatology, or machine technology.
Read or Download Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes (Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proceedings) PDF
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Extra resources for Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes (Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proceedings)
A. te Boekhorst Charlotte K. Hemelrijk We explore some unorthodox models for studying primate societies as self-organized and, hence, nonlinear complex systems. The incentive is that the conventional rationalist-analytic approach often leads to superfluous and contrived explanations. This is due to the habit of seeking separate explanations for each observed phenomenon, the tendency to ascribe social patterns solely to cognitive or genetic qualities of individuals, and the use of a short-sighted logic that yields naive predictions.
FEMALEs are less social because they lack the partner-seeking TODO and only look for food TREEs. A nice spin-off of the model is that it immediately suggested an explanation for another puzzle: travel band formation in the presumed "solitary" orang-utan. Because of their large body weight these animals are assumed to suffer from severe feeding competition (Sugardjito et al. 1987). But if these costs are the reason for solitariness, why then do orang-utans sometimes aggregate? The finding that they do so, especially during a period of the year when many small trees simultaneously bear fruit (at least in the study area where the first author collected data; see te Boekhorst et al.
Slight changes in parameter values or initial values (for instance caused by noise) can cause the system to end up at another equilibrium than it would otherwise and in this way qualitatively change its behavior. In other words, a system can display multicausality. A nonlinear dynamical systems model of between- and within-group competition (below) illustrates how this complicates setting up meaningful evolutionary hypotheses. 1 Nonlinear and Synthetic Models for Primate Societies A DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS APPROACH TO COMPETITION WITHIN AND BETWEEN PRIMATE GROUPS In a process-oriented view of primate societies, one deals with the interdependent changes of relevant variables in time.