By Jerry Dávila
Providing a distinct old viewpoint on how racial attitudes flow from elite discourse into people’s lives, Diploma of Whiteness indicates how public colleges promoted the concept whites have been inherently healthy and people of African or combined ancestry have been inevitably short of remedial consciousness. reading fundamental material—including university procedure documents, instructor journals, images, inner most letters, and unpublished documents—Dávila lines the emergence of racially coded hiring practices and student-tracking regulations in addition to the advance of a social and clinical philosophy of eugenics. He contends that the implementation of many of the guidelines meant to “improve” nonwhites institutionalized refined limitations to their equitable integration into Brazilian society.
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Additional info for Diploma of Whiteness: Race and Social Policy in Brazil, 1917–1945
Of color’’ was an inclusive category that could be used to describe individuals of any degree of 18 introduction From Diploma of Whiteness by Dávila, Jerry. 1215/9780822384441 race mixture, as is ‘‘afrodescendant,’’ a term increasingly used by contemporary racial activists. The greater ease with which these terms describe individuals who might vary considerably in color and appearance o√ers an advantage over the term Afro-Brazilian, also widely employed by activists. The challenge of racial categorization is part of what makes social institutions such a rich source for historical study.
Not a pretty boy. ’’∫ Soon, the disagreement between the minister and Celso Antonio spilled into the newspapers. Ω Another commentator, M. Paulo Filho, writing for O Correio da Manhã, building the ‘‘brazilian man’’ From Diploma of Whiteness by Dávila, Jerry. 1215/9780822384441 23 saw the debate as a conﬂict between aesthetic ideals and contemporary reality, stressing that Celso Antonio simply created what he saw. ’’∞≠ The fact that the minister, doctors, anthropologists, sociologists, and journalists all imagined the ideal Brazilian would be white is not surprising— Brazil’s elite had projected idealized images of the nation’s whiteness and Europeanness for generations.
The survey of worker health practices was all the more salient because the city’s mayor, Pedro Ernesto, who was a close Vargas ally and a doctor, established public health clinics throughout the city. ∂∫ healthy children for a healthy society The Department of Education’s research institute, the ipe, developed analytical models for understanding the national social problems that appeared in schools and prescribed remedies for them. A child going to school stepped into a laboratory and unwittingly became a scientiﬁc subject.