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Category: History Philosophy

Deep Freeze: The United States, the International by Dian Olson Belanger

Deep Freeze: The United States, the International by Dian Olson Belanger

By Dian Olson Belanger

In Deep Freeze, Dian Olson Belanger tells the tale of the pioneers who equipped practicable groups, made very important clinical discoveries, and tested Antarctica as a continent devoted to peace and the pursuit of technology, a long time after the 1st explorers planted flags within the ice.

In the stressful Fifties, at the same time the realm was once locked within the chilly battle, U.S. scientists, maintained by way of the Navy’s Operation Deep Freeze, got here jointly in Antarctica with opposite numbers from 11 different international locations to take part within the foreign Geophysical 12 months (IGY). On July 1, 1957, they all started systematic, simultaneous medical observations of the south-polar ice and surroundings. Their collaborative luck over eighteen months encouraged the Antarctic Treaty of 1959, which formalized their peaceable pursuit of clinical wisdom. nonetheless construction at the achievements of the members and distrustful international locations thrown jointly through the IGY from jointly cautious army, medical, and political cultures, technology thrives this day and peace endures.

The yr 2007 will mark the 50th anniversary of the IGY and the graduation of a brand new overseas Polar Year—a compelling second to study what a unique company finished in a bothered time. Belanger attracts from interviews, diaries, memoirs, and reliable files to weave jointly the 1st thorough learn of the sunrise of Antarctica’s clinical age. Deep Freeze deals soaking up examining in case you have ventured onto Antarctic ice and people who dream of it, in addition to historians, scientists, and coverage makers.

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Science and Civilisation in China, Volume 4: Physics and by Joseph Needham

Science and Civilisation in China, Volume 4: Physics and by Joseph Needham

By Joseph Needham

As Dr Needham's substantial project gathers momentum it's been came across essential to subdivide volumes into elements, each one to be sure and released individually. the 1st a part of quantity four, already released, bargains with the actual sciences; the second one with the varied purposes of physics within the many branches of mechanical engineering; and the 3rd will care for civil and hydraulic engineering and nautical expertise. With this a part of quantity four, then, we come to the applying through the chinese language of actual rules within the regulate of forces and within the use of energy; we pass the frontier setting apart instruments from the laptop. we've already spotted that the traditional chinese language suggestion of chhi (somewhat just like the pneuma of the Greeks) asserted itself prominently in acoustics; yet we find the following that the chinese language tendency to imagine pneumatically was once additionally accountable for a complete variety of very good technological achievements, for instance, the double-acting piston-bellows, the rotary winnowing-fan, and the water-powered metallurgical blowing-machine (ancestor of the steam-engine); in addition to for a few awesome insights and predictions in aeronautics.

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Plurality of Worlds: The Extraterrestrial Life Debate from by Steven J. Dick

Plurality of Worlds: The Extraterrestrial Life Debate from by Steven J. Dick

By Steven J. Dick

This can be a attention-grabbing historical past of the talk over the query of extraterrestrial lifestyles from Classical Greece to the mid-eighteenth century. utilizing many fundamental and secondary assets, this booklet analyses why such nice thinkers as Aristotle, Aquinas, Ockham, Galileo, Kepler, Huygens, and Kant idea the talk over the plurality of worlds a subject matter for critical dialogue. the writer indicates how conflicting arguments from technology, philosophy, and theology progressively converged to an identical opinion - that clever existence needs to fill the universe.

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Tales of Physicists and Mathematicians by Semyon Grigorevich Gindikin (auth.)

Tales of Physicists and Mathematicians by Semyon Grigorevich Gindikin (auth.)

By Semyon Grigorevich Gindikin (auth.)

This revised and significantly accelerated moment variation of the vintage Russian textual content Tales of Mathematicians and Physicists includes a wealth of recent information regarding the lives and accomplishments of greater than a dozen scientists all through background. incorporated are contributors from the overdue 19th century: Klein, Poincaré, Ramanujan, and Penrose, in addition to well known figures from previous eras, corresponding to Leibniz, Euler, Lagrange, and Laplace.

A certain mix of arithmetic, physics, and historical past, this quantity offers biographical glimpses of scientists and their contributions within the context of the social and political history in their instances. the writer examines many unique resources, from the scientists’ learn papers to their own files and letters to family and friends; in addition, designated mathematical arguments and diagrams are provided to aid clarify the most major discoveries in calculus, celestial mechanics, quantity thought, and sleek relativity. What emerges are interesting, multifaceted stories of a few impressive intellectuals and their clinical legacy.

Written via a exceptional mathematician and available to readers in any respect degrees, this ebook is an excellent source for either scholars and academics and a welcome creation to the historical past of science.

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Mechanik: Eine Einführung in Experiment und Theorie by Siegmund Brandt, Hans Dieter Dahmen

Mechanik: Eine Einführung in Experiment und Theorie by Siegmund Brandt, Hans Dieter Dahmen

By Siegmund Brandt, Hans Dieter Dahmen

Die ''Mechanik'' ging aus einem gemeinsamen Kurs eines Experimentalphysikers und eines Theoretikers hervor und stellt somit einen besonderen Zugang zum Stoff dar. Anschaulich illustriert und ergänzt durch zahlreiche Experimente und Aufgaben mit Hinweisen und Lösungen, hat dieser Kurs noch mehr zu bieten: jeder Abschnitt beginnt mit einer kurzen inhaltlichen Zusammenfassung und einer Symbolliste; ein ausführlicher Anhang erläutert Vektoren, Tensoren, Vektoranalysis, Taylor-Reihen, Komplexe Zahlen und SI-Einheiten. Diese vierte, komplett überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage ist ein echtes Arbeitsbuch für Studienanfänger.

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The War on Science: Who’s Waging It, Why It Matters, What We by Shawn Lawrence Otto

The War on Science: Who’s Waging It, Why It Matters, What We by Shawn Lawrence Otto

By Shawn Lawrence Otto

"Wherever the folks are good informed," Thomas Jefferson wrote, "they could be relied on with their very own government." yet what occurs after they aren't? In every issue of contemporary society--from climate change to vaccinations, transportation to know-how, well-being care to defense--we are in the middle of an unprecedented expansion of clinical development and a simultaneous enlargement of chance. on the very time we'd like them so much, scientists and the belief of target wisdom are being bombarded by way of an unlimited, well-funded, three-part conflict on technology: the id politics conflict on technological know-how, the ideological conflict on technology, and the economic conflict on science.

The result's an unprecedented erosion of idea in Western democracies as electorate, policymakers, and justices actively forget about the facts from science, leaving significant policy decisions to be established extra at the calls for of the main strident voices.  

Shawn Lawrence Otto's provocative new ebook investigates the ancient, social, philosophical, political, and emotional purposes for why and the way evidence-based politics are in decline and authoritarian politics are once more at the upward push, and provides a imaginative and prescient, a controversy, and a few compelling strategies to carry us to our collective senses, earlier than it is too late.

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Anxious Anatomy. The Conception of the Human Form in by Stefani Engelstein

Anxious Anatomy. The Conception of the Human Form in by Stefani Engelstein

By Stefani Engelstein

In apprehensive Anatomy, Stefani Engelstein reconstructs the overdue eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century human physique to supply startling new readings of significant works via Goethe, Blake, Heinrich von Kleist, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Mary Shelley, and Jane Austen. Engelstein hyperlinks examine on replica either to the facility of organisms corresponding to hydra, snails, and newts to exchange severed heads and gouged out eyes, and in addition to technical advances in battlefield amputation and synthetic limbs. Readings of German and British literature, along ordinary historical past, surgical procedure, aesthetics, and paintings, remove darkness from the significance of investigations into the physique for rising theories of human subjectivity, gender, volition, moral habit, and political association. Engelstein additionally demonstrates how makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the structural features of the physique built into organic justifications for ideologies of race, gender, and social hierarchies.

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A history of theories of ether and electricity. The by Edmund T. Whittaker

A history of theories of ether and electricity. The by Edmund T. Whittaker

By Edmund T. Whittaker

The aim of this quantity is to explain the revolution in physics which came about within the first area of the 20 th century, and which incorporated the discoveries of designated Relativity, the older Quantum idea, basic Relativity, Matrix Mechanics and Wave Mechanics.

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Wondrous truths : the improbable triumph of modern science by J.D. Trout

Wondrous truths : the improbable triumph of modern science by J.D. Trout

By J.D. Trout

Explaining the area round us, and the existence inside, is likely one of the so much uniquely human drives, and the main celebrated actions of technological know-how. The primary thought of this booklet is that glossy technological know-how triumphed via a clumsy collection of coincidence and success, geography and private idiosyncrasy. 'Wondrous Truths' offers a clean, bold, and actual substitute to tested perspectives of medical growth, and recovers Read more...

summary: Explaining the area round us, and the existence inside, is among the so much uniquely human drives, and the main celebrated actions of technological know-how. The imperative suggestion of this ebook is that glossy technology triumphed via a clumsy collection of twist of fate and good fortune, geography and private idiosyncrasy. 'Wondrous Truths' offers a clean, bold, and actual substitute to confirmed perspectives of clinical growth, and recovers instantly the majesty of technological know-how and the grand sweep of massive rules

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