By James D. Fix
Designed basically for clinical and dental scholars getting ready for the USMLE Step 1 and different examinations, this e-book offers the necessities of human neuroanatomy in a succinct define structure with considerable illustrations. Over six hundred USMLE-style questions with whole solutions and reasons are integrated, a few on the finish of every bankruptcy and a few in an end-of-book entire exam. This version makes use of colour to delineate neuroanatomical pathways and spotlight scientific correlations. New scientific MRI and MRA photos were additional. Questions stick to the scientific vignette-based layout of the present USMLE. A significant other web site on thePoint bargains fast entry to the full, absolutely searchable textual content and all questions from the booklet.
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Additional resources for BRS Neuroanatomy, 4th Edition
E. Pineal body (see Figures 1-5 and 1-6) • contains calcareous granules, in brain sand or acervulus, which are seen on x-ray film and CT; calcification occurs after 16 years of age. • contains pinealocytes (epiphyseal cells) and is highly vascular with fenestrated capillaries. • is derived from the diencephalon. • is innervated solely via postganglionic fibers from the superior cervical ganglion of the autonomic nervous system. • synthesizes serotonin and melatonin. Clinical observation suggests an antigonadotrophic function.
Contains the superior and inferior sagittal sinuses between its two layers. qxd 06/06/2007 6:20 AM Page 25 TechBooks [PPG -QUARK] MENINGES AND CEREBROSPINAL FLUID (CSF) 25 Dura mater Epidural space and veins Subdural space Pia mater Denticulate ligament Ligamentum flavum Spinal ganglion Arachnoid and post. arach. septum Subarachnoid space Dorsal root Ventral root Dorsal ramus White ramus Ventral ramus Gray ramus Vertebral veins Rami communicantes Vertebral artery Figure 2-1. Cross-section of the spinal cord and its meningeal investments.
Segmental arteries • arise from the aorta, vertebral arteries, and common iliac arteries as medullary arteries, which supply the anterior and posterior spinal arteries. • provide the main blood supply to the spinal cord at thoracic and lumbar levels. The second lumbar artery gives rise to a large anterior medullary artery, the artery of Adamkiewicz. Its origin varies from T12 to L4, and it usually arises on the left side. C. , dissecting aneurysms, atherosclerosis, arterial thrombosis). Segments T1 to T4 and L1 are poorly vascularized and are at risk.